The University of Valladolid was founded at the end of the 13th Century. In 1293, the first documented reference was signed by King Sancho IV of Castile. This intellectual renaissance took place at the same time as the urban expansion and material development of the great Castilian towns , of which Valladolid is a clear example.
In the beginning, the different Faculties taught subjects such as Grammar, Arithmetic, Latin and Sacred Scripture. Later, the city obtained both the royal approval and the papal bull for this centre. In 1346, Pope Clemente VI, at the request of the king Alfonso XI, granted the title of “General Studies” to the already existing studies in Valladolid. However, it was not possible to study Theology, because it was exclusively a privilege of the University of Paris. In 1417 when the Schism ended, Pope Martin V gave Valladolid permission to build the Faculty they desired. Likewise, the kings also provided funds for the centre, thus giving it certain economic independence.
In the 16th Century, the “Alma Mater” of Valladolid enjoyed its greatest moment of splendour, when it was declared one of the three main Universities of the kingdom, together with Salamanca and Alcalá. In 1517, the first statute appeared, written in Latin, and later in Spanish. The Faculties of Medicine and Law achieved outstanding fame, which was also the result of the existence of the neighbouring Chancery. At the end of the 15th Century, Cardinal Mendoza set up the Santa Cruz College, which from the beginning was one of the most famous Spanish University institutions.
In 1770, under the reign of Carlos III, a general reform of the Spanish Universities took place. Although this reform was not fully consolidated at the time, during the following decades the changes were remarkable. From the beginning of the 19th Century until 1857, the old University, which had been dominated by the peculiarities and the scholastic spirit and characterised by a certain independence was transformed into a lay, liberal and centralised University. In the midst of this transformation lawyers and doctors were trained. Later on, and also during this Century, technical studies became increasingly important. The University of Valladolid, located in a medium-size city with liberal trends, has increased rapidly its number of students, and is now the largest University in the Region of Castile and Leon. In the present academic year 2011-2012 it has 25,000 students and more than 2,500 professors distributed throughout the University centres of the four provinces.
The University of Valladolid is one of the oldest in Spain, together with the Universities of Palencia, Salamanca and Lérida. During the 13th and 14th centuries these universities formed part of a great intellectual movement which developed in Western Europe.
The University of Valladolid is located in the Region of Castile and Leon. It has four campuses in the cities of Valladolid, Palencia, Segovia and Soria.It is a cosmopolitan city, capital of the Comunidad de Castilla y Leon, which makes it an important social and cultural center.It is a pleasant city that offers a wide range of cultural events and social services, and a good transport system.
Students who wish to study Medicine or Dentistry at the university has to be competent in Spanish language. The university offers good Spanish programs all year round at its modern building and facilities.
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